22 August 2012


Update on Pterygium Therapy
Jay C. Bradley, MD, David L. McCartney, MD

Diseases of the Eye

Red Eye and Ocular Trauma
Harold E Cross MD PhD

The Irritated Eye
Liana Al-Labadi, O.D.

Eye Blocks and Airway Blocks
Vincent Conte, MD

Transition from School to Adulthood: New Horizons for Youth with Disabilities
Auburn, Alabama, Paul Wehman, Ph.D.

Some Genodermatoses and Acquired Syndromes
Rick Lin, DO MPH

Boris Ioffe, D.O.

Nuclear Radiation

Beach Safety

Ocular Emergencies
Lianne Beck, MD


New Surgical Technique: Use of Indocyanine Green and Forced Hydrodissection Fortotal Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty
Thomas John, MD

X-Linked Juvenile Retinoschisis
Laura S. Gilmore, MD, MS

276 free full text published articles on Pterygium
 1. Peng ML, Tsai YY, Chiang CC, Huang YC, Chou MC, Yeh KT, Lee H, Cheng YW. CYP1A1 protein activity is associated with allelic variation in pterygium tissues and cells. Mol Vis. 2012;18.1937-43. Epub 2012 Jul 18.
 2. Torres-Gimeno A, Martinez-Costa L, Ayala G. Preoperative factors influencing success in pterygium surgery. BMC Ophthalmol. 2012 Aug 8;12(1).38. [Epub ahead of print]
 3. Triana I, Socarrás OA, Rondón N. Cataract and pterygium surgery results in venezuelan patients treated in the misión milagro program. MEDICC Rev. 2012 Jul;14(3).37-40.
 4. Nguyen P, Yiu SC. Imaging studies in a case of infectious scleritis after pterygium excision. Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2012 Jul;19(3).337-9.
 5. Zaky KS, Khalifa YM. Efficacy of preoperative injection versus intraoperative  application of mitomycin in recurrent pterygium surgery. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2012 Jul;60(4).273-6.
 6. Liu L, Ling SQ, Li QL, Wang T, Ye H, Yang JZ, Jia XH. Relations between lymphangiogenesis and the size of pterygium. Int J Ophthalmol. 2012;5(3).312-6. Epub 2012 Jun 18.
 7. Larráyoz IM, de Luis A, Rúa O, Velilla S, Cabello J, Martínez A. Molecular effects of doxycycline treatment on pterygium as revealed by massive transcriptome sequencing. PLoS One. 2012;7(6).e39359. Epub 2012 Jun 19.
 8. Menghini M, Watson SL, Bosch MM. Corneal melting two weeks after pterygium excision with topical mitomycin C. successfully treated with lamellar keratoplasty and amnion membrane transplantation. Case Report Ophthalmol. 2012 Jan;3(1).24-9. Epub 2012 Jan 31.
 9. Gyasi ME, Kodjo RA, Amoaku WM. Central retinal artery occlusion following peribulbar anesthesia for pterygium excision. Ghana Med J. 2012 Mar;46(1).46-8.
 10. Arenas E. [What is a reproduced pterygium these days?]. Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol. 2012 May;87(5).137-8. doi. 10.1016/j.oftal.2012.01.004. Epub 2012 Mar 16. Spanish.
 11. Shrestha A, Shrestha A, Bhandari S, Maharjan N, Khadka D, Pant SR, Pant BP. Inferior conjunctival autografting for pterygium surgery. an alternative way of preserving the glaucoma filtration site in far western Nepal. Clin Ophthalmol. 2012;6.315-9. Epub 2012 Mar 1.
 12. Tittler EH, Nguyen P, Rue KS, Vasconcelos-Santos DV, Song JC, Irvine JA, Smith RE, Rao NA, Yiu SC. Early surgical debridement in the management of infectious scleritis after pterygium excision. J Ophthalmic Inflamm Infect. 2012  Jun;2(2).81-7. Epub 2012 Feb 22.
 13. Kawano H, Kawano K, Sakamoto T. Separate limbal-conjunctival autograft transplantation using the inferior conjunctiva for primary pterygium. Oman J Ophthalmol. 2011 Sep;4(3).120-4.
 14. Park CY, Choi JS, Lee SJ, Hwang SW, Kim EJ, Chuck RS. Cyclooxygenase-2-expressing macrophages in human pterygium co-express vascular endothelial growth factor. Mol Vis. 2011;17.3468-80. Epub 2011 Dec 29.
 15. Kalay E, Sezgin O, Chellappa V, Mutlu M, Morsy H, Kayserili H, Kreiger E, Cansu A, Toraman B, Abdalla EM, Aslan Y, Pillai S, Akarsu NA. Mutations in RIPK4  cause the autosomal-recessive form of popliteal pterygium syndrome. Am J Hum Genet. 2012 Jan 13;90(1).76-85. Epub 2011 Dec 22.
 16. Tsuji A, Kawai K, Fan H, Nakagawa Y, Suzuki T. Case in which tranilast ophthalmic solution was thought to be effective for the prevention of symblepharon and recurrence after pterygium surgery. Tokai J Exp Clin Med. 2011 Dec 20;36(4).120-3.
 17. Yamazoe K, Shimazaki-Den S, Otaka I, Hotta K, Shimazaki J. Surgically induced necrotizing scleritis after primary pterygium surgery with conjunctival autograft. Clin Ophthalmol. 2011;5.1609-11. Epub 2011 Nov 10.
 18. Merle H, Guyomarch J, Joyaux JC, Dueymes M, Donnio A, Desbois N. Keratomycosis complicating pterygium excision. Clin Ophthalmol. 2011;5.1435-7. Epub 2011 Oct 4.
 19. Bahetwar SK, Pandey RK, Bahetwar TS. Popliteal pterygium syndrome. orofacial  and general features. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2011 Oct-Dec;29(4).333-5.
 20. Shenoy R, Bialasiewicz AA, Al-Barwani B. Late Corneal Thinning and Keratitis  following Mitomycin-C use in Pterygium Surgery. Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J. 2011 May;11(2).286-7. Epub 2011 May 15.
 21. Mohammed I. Treatment of pterygium. Ann Afr Med. 2011 Jul-Sep;10(3).197-203.  Review.
 22. Livezeanu C, Crăiţoiu MM, Mănescu R, Mocanu C, Crăiţoiu S. Angiogenesis in the pathogenesis of pterygium. Rom J Morphol Embryol. 2011;52(3).837-44.
 23. Rubin MR, Dantas PE, Nishiwaki-Dantas MC, Felberg S. [Efficacy of fibrin tissue adhesive in the attachment of autogenous conjuntival graft on primary pterygium surgery]. Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2011 Mar-Apr;74(2).123-6. Portuguese.
 24. Pastor-Vivas AI, Alejandre-Alba N, García-Vega MI, Ariño-Gutiérrez M, García-Sandoval B, Jiménez-Alfaro I. [Quantifying and classifying postsurgical pain in pterygium surgery with conjunctival autografts]. Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol. 2011 Jun;86(6).176-9. Epub 2011 Apr 27. Spanish.
 25. Turan-Vural E, Torun-Acar B, Kivanc SA, Acar S. The effect of topical 0.05% cyclosporine on recurrence following pterygium surgery. Clin Ophthalmol. 2011;5.881-5. Epub 2011 Jun 29.
 26. Torres J, Enríquez-de-Salamanca A, Fernández I, Rodríguez-Ares MT, Quadrado MJ, Murta J, Benítez del Castillo JM, Stern ME, Calonge M. Activation of MAPK signaling pathway and NF-kappaB activation in pterygium and ipsilateral pterygium-free conjunctival specimens. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Jul 29;52(8).5842-52. Print 2011 Jul.
 27. Ghoneim EM, Abd-El Ghny AA, Gab-Allah AA, Kamal MZ. Preoperative subconjunctival injection of mitomycin C versus intraoperative topical application as an adjunctive treatment for surgical removal of primary pterygium. Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2011 Jan;18(1).37-41.
 28. O'Brien SR, Jesudasan A, Noble J. Ophthaproblem. Question. Can you identify this condition? Pterygium. Can Fam Physician. 2011 Apr;57(4).443, 447.
 29. Villegas Becerril E, Pérula de Torres L, Bergillos Arillo M, Villegas del Cuvillo C. [Evaluation of topical vasoconstrictors in pterygium surgery and their role in reducing intraoperative bleeding]. Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol. 2011 Feb;86(2).54-7. Epub 2011 Feb 24. Spanish.
 30. Golu T, Mogoantă L, Streba CT, Pirici DN, Mălăescu D, Mateescu GO, Muţiu G. Pterygium. histological and immunohistochemical aspects. Rom J Morphol Embryol. 2011;52(1).153-8.
 31. Riau AK, Wong TT, Lan W, Finger SN, Chaurasia SS, Hou AH, Chen S, Yu SJ, Tong L. Aberrant DNA methylation of matrix remodeling and cell adhesion related genes  in pterygium. PLoS One. 2011 Feb 16;6(2).e14687. Erratum in. PLoS One. 2011;6(3). doi. 10.1371/annotation/814c14d4-eee6-44e2-bea8-cac11a0bae8f. Lan, Wanwen [added].
 32. Pascual G, Montes MA, Pérez-Rico C, Pérez-Kohler B, Bellón JM, Buján J. [Expression of embryonic markers in pterygium derived mesenchymal cells]. Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol. 2010 Dec;85(12).400-4. Epub 2011 Feb 16. Spanish.
 33. Fakhry MA. The use of mitomycin C with autologous limbal-conjunctival autograft transplantation for management of recurrent pterygium. Clin Ophthalmol. 2011 Jan 26;5.123-7.
 34. Balci M, Sahin S, Mutlu FM, Yağci R, Karanci P, Yildiz M. Investigation of oxidative stress in pterygium tissue. Mol Vis. 2011 Feb 9;17.443-7.
 35. Chui J, Coroneo MT, Tat LT, Crouch R, Wakefield D, Di Girolamo N. Ophthalmic  pterygium. a stem cell disorder with premalignant features. Am J Pathol. 2011 Feb;178(2).817-27.
 36. Carvalho RM, Taleb A, Carvalho GL, Avila M. [Conjunctival fibrous histiocytoma simulating atipical pterygium in the Amazon region. case report]. Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2010 Nov-Dec;73(6).534-6. Portuguese.
 37. Su Y, Wang F, Qi H, Zhao SG, Li X, Cui H. Small interfering RNA targeting of  S phase kinase-interacting protein 2 inhibits cell proliferation of pterygium fibroblasts. Mol Vis. 2011 Jan 22;17.247-56.
 38. Ando R, Kase S, Ohashi T, Dong Z, Fukuhara J, Kanda A, Murata M, Noda K, Kitaichi N, Ishida S. Tissue factor expression in human pterygium. Mol Vis. 2011  Jan 8;17.63-9.
 39. Chao SC, Hu DN, Yang PY, Lin CY, Yang SF. Overexpression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator in pterygia and pterygium fibroblasts. Mol Vis. 2011 Jan 6;17.23-31.
 40. Zhang LW, Chen BH, Xi XH, Han QQ, Tang LS. Survivin and p53 expression in primary and recurrent pterygium in Chinese patients. Int J Ophthalmol. 2011;4(4).388-92. Epub 2011 Aug 18.
 41. An MX, Wu KL, Lin SC. Detection and comparison of matrix metalloproteinase in primary and recurrent pterygium fibroblasts. Int J Ophthalmol. 2011;4(4).353-6. Epub 2011 Aug 18.
 42. Shao Y, Zhou X, Yu Y, Pei CG, Zhou Q, Li J, Yang L, Dong WJ, Yi JL. Novel sutureless transplantation for primary pterygium associated with cysts. Int J Ophthalmol. 2011;4(3).280-3. Epub 2011 Jun 18.
 43. Yang XX, Chen J, Zhou Q, Guo XY, Xiao P, Wu J, Xu JT. Troglitazone induced apoptosis of human pterygium fibroblasts through a mitochondrial-dependent pathway. Int J Ophthalmol. 2011;4(2).143-6. Epub 2011 Apr 18.
 44. Viso E, Gude F, Rodríguez-Ares MT. Prevalence of pinguecula and pterygium in  a general population in Spain. Eye (Lond). 2011 Mar;25(3).350-7. Epub 2010 Dec 24.
 45. Mahalik SK, Menon P. Popliteal pterygium syndrome. J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg. 2010 Jul;15(3).110-1.
 46. Bandyopadhyay R, Nag D, Mondal SK, Gangopadhyay S, Bagchi K, Bhaduri G. Ocular surface disorder in pterygium. role of conjunctival impression cytology. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2010 Oct-Dec;53(4).692-5.
 47. Coral-Ghanem R, Oliveira RF, Furlanetto E, Ghanem MA, Ghanem VC. [Conjunctival autologous transplantation using fibrin glue in primary pterygium]. Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2010 Jul-Aug;73(4).350-3. Portuguese.
 48. Shiratori CA, Barros JC, Lourenço Rde M, Padovani CR, Cordeiro R, Schellini SA. [Prevalence of pterygium in Botucatu city - São Paulo State, Brazil]. Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2010 Jul-Aug;73(4).343-5. Portuguese.
 49. Liang QF, Xu L, Jin XY, You QS, Yang XH, Cui TT. Epidemiology of pterygium in aged rural population of Beijing, China. Chin Med J (Engl). 2010 Jul;123(13).1699-701.
 50. Siak JJ, Ng SL, Seet LF, Beuerman RW, Tong L. The nuclear-factor kappaB pathway is activated in pterygium. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 Jan 5;52(1).230-6. Print 2011 Jan.
 51. Tung JN, Wu HH, Chiang CC, Tsai YY, Chou MC, Lee H, Cheng YW. An association  between BPDE-like DNA adduct levels and CYP1A1 and GSTM1 polymorphisma in pterygium. Mol Vis. 2010 Apr 8;16.623-9.
 52. Young CH, Lo YL, Tsai YY, Shih TS, Lee H, Cheng YW. CYP1A1 gene polymorphisms as a risk factor for pterygium. Mol Vis. 2010 Jun 9;16.1054-8.
 53. Chen PL, Yeh KT, Tsai YY, Koeh H, Liu YL, Lee H, Cheng YW. XRCC1, but not APE1 and hOGG1 gene polymorphisms is a risk factor for pterygium. Mol Vis. 2010 Jun 4;16.991-6.
 54. Benítez-Herreros J, Pérez-Rico C, Montes-Mollón MA, Gómez-San-Gil Y, Teus-Guezala MA. [Endothelial cells analysis after intraoperative mitomycin-C adjuvant pterygium simple excision surgery. a pilot study]. Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol. 2010 Jan;85(1).11-5. Spanish.
 55. Peiretti E, Mandas A, Cocco P, Norfo C, Abete C, Angius F, Pani A, Vascellari S, Del Fiacco G, Cannas D, Diaz G, Dessì S, Fossarello M. Glucose-6-phosphate-
dehydrogenase deficiency as a risk factor for pterygium. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Jun;51(6).2928-35.
 56. Oh JY, Wee WR. The effect of pterygium surgery on contrast sensitivity and corneal topographic changes. Clin Ophthalmol. 2010 Apr 26;4.315-9.
 57. Chiang CC, Tsai YY, Bau DT, Cheng YW, Tseng SH, Wang RF, Tsai FJ. Pterygium and genetic polymorphisms of the DNA repair enzymes XRCC1, XPA, and XPD. Mol Vis. 2010 Apr 20;16.698-704.
 58. Abdalla WM. Efficacy of Limbal-conjunctival Autograft Surgery with Stem Cells in Pterygium Treatment. Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2009 Oct;16(4).260-2.
 59. Tsai YY, Chiang CC, Yeh KT, Lee H, Cheng YW. Effect of TIMP-1 and MMP in pterygium invasion. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010 Jul;51(7).3462-7. Epub 2010 Mar 5.
 60. Mery G, Maalouf T, George JL, Angioi K. [Limbal-conjunctival autograft in pterygium surgery]. J Fr Ophtalmol. 2010 Feb;33(2).92-8. Epub 2010 Feb 4. French.
 61. Song YW, Yu AH, Cai XJ. Effectiveness of amniotic membrane transplantation combined with mitomycin C in the treatment of pterygium. a meta-analysis. Int J Ophthalmol. 2010;3(4).352-5. Epub 2010 Dec 18.
 62. Yüksel B, Unsal SK, Onat S. Comparison of fibrin glue and suture technique in pterygium surgery performed with limbal autograft. Int J Ophthalmol. 2010;3(4).316-20. Epub 2010 Dec 18.
 63. Ismaeel OM, Jaafar H, Ibrahim M. Detection of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine enzyme  in recurrent pterygium raising a question on its role on recurrence. Int J Ophthalmol. 2010;3(3).245-8. Epub 2010 Sep 18.
 64. Frantz KA, Moura Filho Ede R, Abud MB, Avila MP, Magacho L. [Comparison of the analgesic effect between 90 mg etoricoxib and dipyrone after exeresis of primary pterygium with conjunctival autograft]. Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2009 Sep-Oct;72(5).661-4. Portuguese.
 65. Jaworski CJ, Aryankalayil-John M, Campos MM, Fariss RN, Rowsey J, Agarwalla N, Reid TW, Dushku N, Cox CA, Carper D, Wistow G. Expression analysis of human pterygium shows a predominance of conjunctival and limbal markers and genes associated with cell migration. Mol Vis. 2009 Nov 20;15.2421-34.
 66. Kim HM, Park IJ, Jeong C. Treatment of popliteal pterygium using an Ilizarov  external fixator. Clin Orthop Surg. 2009 Dec;1(4).236-9. Epub 2009 Nov 25.
 67. Ribatti D, Nico B, Perra MT, Maxia C, Piras F, Murtas D, Crivellato E, Sirigu P. Correlation between NGF/TrkA and microvascular density in human pterygium. Int J Exp Pathol. 2009 Dec;90(6).615-20. Epub 2009 Sep 15.
 68. Alpay A, Uğurbaş SH, Erdoğan B. Comparing techniques for pterygium surgery. Clin Ophthalmol. 2009;3.69-74. Epub 2009 Jun 2.
 69. Tsai YY, Chang CC, Chiang CC, Yeh KT, Chen PL, Chang CH, Chou MC, Lee H, Cheng YW. HPV infection and p53 inactivation in pterygium. Mol Vis. 2009 Jun 1;15.1092-7.
 70. Takács AI, Nagy ZZ. [Microkeratome-assisted anterior lamellar keratoplasty for the removal of corneal scar, caused by pterygium]. Orv Hetil. 2009 Jun 21;150(25).1167-71. Hungarian.
 71. Valezi VG, Schellini SA, Viveiros MM, Padovani CR. [Safety and efficacy of intraoperative 5-fluorouracil infiltration in pterygium treatment]. Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2009 Mar-Apr;72(2).169-73. Portuguese.
 72. Yang SF, Lin CY, Yang PY, Chao SC, Ye YZ, Hu DN. Increased expression of gelatinase (MMP-2 and MMP-9) in pterygia and pterygium fibroblasts with disease progression and activation of protein kinase C. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Oct;50(10).4588-96. Epub 2009 May 6.
 73. Miranda-Rollón MD, Pérez-González LE, Sentieri-Omarrementería A, Martínez-Rodríguez R, Parente-Hernández B, Junceda-Moreno J. [Pterygium surgery.  comparative study of conjunctival autograft with suture versus fibrin adhesive].  Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol. 2009 Apr;84(4).179-84. Spanish.
 74. Pelit A, Bal N, Akova YA, Demirhan B. p53 expression in pterygium in two climatic regions in Turkey. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2009 May-Jun;57(3).203-6.
 75. de Lima RL, Hoper SA, Ghassibe M, Cooper ME, Rorick NK, Kondo S, Katz L, Marazita ML, Compton J, Bale S, Hehr U, Dixon MJ, Daack-Hirsch S, Boute O, Bayet  B, Revencu N, Verellen-Dumoulin C, Vikkula M, Richieri-Costa A, Moretti-Ferreira  D, Murray JC, Schutte BC. Prevalence and nonrandom distribution of exonic mutations in interferon regulatory factor 6 in 307 families with Van der Woude syndrome and 37 families with popliteal pterygium syndrome. Genet Med. 2009 Apr;11(4).241-7.
 76. Maxia C, Perra MT, Demurtas P, Minerba L, Murtas D, Piras F, Cabrera R, Ribatti D, Sirigu P. Relationship between the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and  survivin in primary pterygium. Mol Vis. 2009;15.458-63. Epub 2009 Feb 27.
 77. Riau AK, Wong TT, Beuerman RW, Tong L. Calcium-binding S100 protein expression in pterygium. Mol Vis. 2009;15.335-42. Epub 2009 Feb 16.
 78. Zhou L, Beuerman RW, Ang LP, Chan CM, Li SF, Chew FT, Tan DT. Elevation of human alpha-defensins and S100 calcium-binding proteins A8 and A9 in tear fluid of patients with pterygium. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 May;50(5).2077-86. Epub 2009 Jan 24.
 79. Mahdy MA, Bhatia J. Treatment of primary pterygium. Role of limbal stem cells and conjunctival autograft transplantation. Oman J Ophthalmol. 2009 Jan;2(1).23-6.
 80. Rodrigues FW, Arruda JT, Silva RE, Moura KK. TP53 gene expression, codon 72 polymorphism and human papillomavirus DNA associated with pterygium. Genet Mol Res. 2008;7(4).1251-8.
 81. Little HJ, Rorick NK, Su LI, Baldock C, Malhotra S, Jowitt T, Gakhar L, Subramanian R, Schutte BC, Dixon MJ, Shore P. Missense mutations that cause Van der Woude syndrome and popliteal pterygium syndrome affect the DNA-binding and transcriptional activation functions of IRF6. Hum Mol Genet. 2009 Feb 1;18(3).535-45. Epub 2008 Nov 26. Erratum in. Hum Mol Genet.2009 Apr 15;18(8).1544.
 82. Aydin A, Karadayi K, Aykan U, Can G, Colakoglu K, Bilge AH. [Effectiveness of topical ciclosporin A treatment after excision of primary pterygium and limbal conjunctival autograft]. J Fr Ophtalmol. 2008 Sep;31(7).699-704. French. Erratum  in. J Fr Ophtalmol. 2010 Jun;33(6).435.
 83. Almeida Junior GC, Frederico FB, Watanabe KP, Garcia TV, Iquejiri AY, Cury PM, Taboga SR, Azoubel R. Evaluation of epithelial cell proliferating activity and fibroblast nuclear kariometry in recurrent pterygium treated with mitomycin C. Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2008 Jul-Aug;71(4).568-75.
 84. Kim HH, Mun HJ, Park YJ, Lee KW, Shin JP. Conjunctivolimbal autograft using a fibrin adhesive in pterygium surgery. Korean J Ophthalmol. 2008 Sep;22(3).147-54.
 85. Dodson CC, Boachie-Adjei O. Escobar syndrome (multiple pterygium syndrome) associated with thoracic kyphoscoliosis, lordoscoliosis, and severe restrictive lung disease. a case report. HSS J. 2005 Sep;1(1).35-9.
 86. Takahagi RU, Gonçalves F, Yamamoto RK, Viveiros MM, Schellini SA, Padovani CR. [Eyeblink rate before and after pterygium exeresis]. Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2008  May-Jun;71(3).381-4. Portuguese.
 87. Lin W, Wang SL, Wu HJ, Chang KH, Yeh P, Chen CJ, Guo HR. Associations between arsenic in drinking water and pterygium in southwestern Taiwan. Environ Health Perspect. 2008 Jul;116(7).952-5.
 88. Karahan N, Baspinar S, Ciris M, Baydar CL, Kapucuoglu N. Cyclooxygenase-2 expression in primary and recurrent pterygium. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2008 Jul-Aug;56(4).279-83.
 89. Rojas-Alvarez E. [Pterygium surgery. a still unfinished story]. Arch Soc Esp  Oftalmol. 2008 May;83(5).333-4. Spanish.
 90. Vogt J, Harrison BJ, Spearman H, Cossins J, Vermeer S, ten Cate LN, Morgan NV, Beeson D, Maher ER. Mutation analysis of CHRNA1, CHRNB1, CHRND, and RAPSN genes in multiple pterygium syndrome/fetal akinesia patients. Am J Hum Genet. 2008 Jan;82(1).222-7.
 91. Denion E, Dalens PH, Petitbon J, Abitbol O, Gatinel D, Gérard M. [Primary pterygium. some biomicroscopic aspects]. J Fr Ophtalmol. 2007 Sep;30(7).772-4. French.
 92. Gheck L, Dupas B, Denion E, Amar N, Baudouin C. [Advantages of in vivo confocal microscopy for investigation of the pterygium]. J Fr Ophtalmol. 2007 Sep;30(7).703-10. French.
 93. Tsai YY, Bau DT, Chiang CC, Cheng YW, Tseng SH, Tsai FJ. Pterygium and genetic polymorphism of DNA double strand break repair gene Ku70. Mol Vis. 2007 Aug 15;13.1436-40.
 94. Maheshwari S. Pterygium-induced corneal refractive changes. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2007 Sep-Oct;55(5).383-6.
 95. Díaz-González JA, Mayoral-Chávez MA, Bohórquez PL, de la Torre Mdel P, Hernández-Cruz P, Martínez-Cruz R, Pérez-Campos E. Role of concanavalin A lectin  in recognition of pterygium remnant after surgical excision. preliminary results  of a prospective study. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2007 Sep-Oct;55(5).349-53.
 96. Peiretti E, Dessì S, Mulas C, Abete C, Norfo C, Putzolu M, Fossarello M. Modulation of cholesterol homeostasis by antiproliferative drugs in human pterygium fibroblasts. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Aug;48(8).3450-8.
 97. Carvalho CS, Viveiros MM, Schellini SA, Candeias JM, Padovani CR. [Fibroblasts from recurrent pterygium and normal Tenon's capsule exposed to tacrolimus (FK-506)]. Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2007 Mar-Apr;70(2).235-8. Portuguese.
 98. Chiang CC, Cheng YW, Lin CL, Lee H, Tsai FJ, Tseng SH, Tsai YY. Cyclooxygenase 2 expression in pterygium. Mol Vis. 2007 Apr 27;13.635-8.
 99. Viveiros MM, Schellini SA, Candeias J, Padovani CR. [Exposure of normal Tenon's capsule fibroblasts from pterygium to 5-fluorouracil and mitomycin C]. Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2007 Jan-Feb;70(1).73-7. Portuguese.
 100. Kato N, Shimmura S, Kawakita T, Miyashita H, Ogawa Y, Yoshida S, Higa K, Okano H, Tsubota K. Beta-catenin activation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition in the pathogenesis of pterygium. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Apr;48(4).1511-7.
 101. Kase S, Osaki M, Sato I, Takahashi S, Nakanishi K, Yoshida K, Ito H, Ohno S. Immunolocalisation of E-cadherin and beta-catenin in human pterygium. Br J Ophthalmol. 2007 Sep;91(9).1209-12. Epub 2007 Mar 14.
 102. Lee JK, Kim JC. Progenitor cells in healing after pterygium excision. Yonsei Med J. 2007 Feb 28;48(1).48-54.
 103. Gokhale NS, Samant R. Surgically induced necrotizing scleritis after pterygium surgery. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2007 Mar-Apr;55(2).144-6.
 104. Pherwani A, Vakil V, Eatamadi H, Singh R, Dua HS. Postoperative subconjunctival 5-fluorouracil in the management of recurring pterygium. Br J Ophthalmol. 2007 Mar;91(3).398-9.
 105. Hercules LA, Viveiros MM, Schellini SA, Candeias J, Padovani CR. [Exposure of Tenon's capsule fibroblasts of pterygium to cyclosporin 0.05%]. Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2006 Nov-Dec;69(6).831-5. Portuguese.
 106. Lai TJ, Tsai YY, Cheng YW, Chiang CC, Lee H, Chou MC, Chang JH. An association between BPDE-like DNA adduct levels and P53 gene mutation in pterygium. Mol Vis. 2006 Dec 24;12.1687-91.
 107. Sjö NC, von Buchwald C, Prause JU, Norrild B, Vinding T, Heegaard S. Human papillomavirus and pterygium. Is the virus a risk factor? Br J Ophthalmol. 2007 Aug;91(8).1016-8. Epub 2006 Dec 19.
 108. Kase S, Takahashi S, Sato I, Nakanishi K, Yoshida K, Ohno S. Expression of p27(KIP1) and cyclin D1, and cell proliferation in human pterygium. Br J Ophthalmol. 2007 Jul;91(7).958-61. Epub 2006 Dec 19.
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 110. Perra MT, Maxia C, Corbu A, Minerba L, Demurtas P, Colombari R, Murtas D, Bravo S, Piras F, Sirigu P. Oxidative stress in pterygium. relationship between p53 and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine. Mol Vis. 2006 Sep 30;12.1136-42.
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